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Understanding Tamil Language Structure

Tamil language is spoken mainly in Tamil Nadu, India. It is a Dravidian language and is written in the Tamil script. The language is also known as Tamil in Tamil Nadu and Tamil by Madrasis. It was first written down in the Tamil script in the third century BC. It is one of the longest surviving classical languages of the world.


1. What is the Tamil language?

The Tamil language is a Dravidian language and a member of the Tamil-Kannada-Malayalam language family. It is spoken by approximately 87 million people worldwide, making it the 22nd most spoken language in the world. The native speakers of Tamil are called Tamils. Tamil is mainly spoken in South India, Sri Lanka, and Singapore. It is also spoken in some parts of Myanmar, Malaysia and Mauritius. Tamil is written horizontally from left to right, and its basic set of symbols consists of 18 consonants and 12 vowels. It is written with a syllabic alphabet in which all consonants have an inherent vowel. 


2. What are the four different Tamil scripts?

Tamil language is written in four different scripts. These scripts are used to represent the four different Tamil languages. The four scripts are: The Tamil script is the most common script in use and the most widely used. The Tamil Brahmi script is used to write the Tamil language in Tamil Nadu, India. The Tamil Vatteluttu script is used to write the Tamil language in Sri Lanka. The Tamil Kannada script is used to write the Tamil language in Karnataka, India.


3. What are the three different Tamil alphabets?

Tamil is a Dravidian language and is written in the Tamil alphabet. The Tamil alphabet is made up of three different scripts – Tamil Braille, Tamil Transcription, and Tamil Typing. The Tamil alphabet is written from left to right, in the Tamil language, and is now the most widely used alphabet in the world.


4. What are the Tamil vowels?

The vowels in Tamil language are ஐ, கத்தி, மத்தி, ய், ல், வாத்தி, வெர்த்தி. The Tamil vowels are ஐ, கத்தி, மத்தி, ய், ல், வாத்தி, வெர்த்தி.


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