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Structure of Tamil language

This article is about the structure of the Tamil language and its interesting features.

 

1. The Tamil alphabet

 

The Tamil alphabet is a modified version of the old Brahmi script. It is used by Tamil-speaking people of India and Sri Lanka. The Tamil alphabet contains 36 letters, of which three are vowels. The Tamil script is an abugida that is written from left to right. Each consonant has an inherent vowel.


 

2. Consonants

 

In Tamil language, the consonants are divided into two classes. The first class consists of all consonants that have a plain or simple release. The second class consists of the aspirated or partially aspirated consonants. The aspirated consonants are further divided into two groups, the voiced aspirated and the voiceless aspirated consonants.


 

3. Vowels

 

The Tamil language has a complex system of vowel sounds and a large number of diphthongs. In Tamil, all vowels are pronounced. Tamil has six long vowels and six short vowels. The long vowels are: a ஆ, ஆஃ, ஆஇ i உமி, ஐ u உயி, உயு e எமி, ஏ o ஓமி, ஓ The short vowels are: a ஆ, ஆஃ, ஆஇ i ஐ, உமி u உயி, உயு e எமி, ஏ o ஓ


 

4. Syllables

 

Tamil has a complex syllabic structure. There are 18 consonants and 24 vowels, 12 of which are diphthongs. The consonants are divided into 4 groups. The first three groups are palatals, retroflexes, and dentals. The retroflex consonants include the retroflexes and the palatals, which are the same phonemes. The retroflexes and palatals are further divided into 2 groups. The first group is the retroflexes, which include retroflex stops, retroflex fricatives, and retroflex approximants. The second group is the palatals, which are the same phonemes. The last group is the velars. The vowels are divided into 3 groups. The first group is the high vowels, which includes the high vowels and the mid vowels. The second group is the low vowels, which includes the low vowels and the mid vowels. The third group is the diphthongs, which includes the high diphthongs and the low diphthongs


 

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